Confucius(551-479 BC)was a Chinese educationist,politician,and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history,Confucius’ family and personal name respectively was Kong Qiu. His courtesy name was Zhongni.In Chinese,he is most often known as Kongzi,He is also known by the honorific Kong Fuzi.
It was said that Confucius credited or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics,but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself.Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects,but only many years after his death.
The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and govern- mental morality,correctness of social relationships,justice and sincerity.His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty.Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin,Confucius’s thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism.
Confucius’s principles were deeply rooted In Chinese tradition and belief,He championed strong famiiy loyalty,ancestor worship ,respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives,He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government.He Espoused the well-known principle”Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”,an early version or the Golden Rule. soon after Confucius’s death,Quru,his hometown becam a place of devotion and remembrance. It was a tradition of holding spectacular memorlal ceremonies or Confucius every year.The Han dynasty Records of the Grand Historian records that it had already become a place of pilgrimage tor ministers.lt is still a maior destination for cultural tourism,and many people visit his grave and the surrounding temples,there are also many temples dedicatod to him,which have been used for Confucianism ceremonies.